Dr William Garner Sutherland
Craniosacral Therapy or CST as it is generally called has its history back in the nineteenth century. It Originated in Andrew Taylor Still’s system of osteopathic medicine and owes much to the later pioneers of the technique, such as Dr William G.Sutherland who extended Stills system into cranial osteopathy.His work was refined and codified by Harold Magoun in the 1950’s and taught, by him to Dr.John E. Upledger in the late 60’s.
Dr William Garner Sutherland graduated from the American School of Osteopathy in 1900. While he was a student of Dr.Andrew Still he had a theory that the body systems have their own unique rhythm and these rhythms could be felt throughout the entire body like an heart beat or the breath. He also believed that the cranial bones articulated with each other and are closely connected to the tissues and fluids at the body’s core.
Dr Sutherland used the term (reciprocal tension membrane system) to describe his theories. These theories lead him to believe that the cranial bones of the skeletal system are connected to the sacrum by membranes and they all interact through motion. His theories also led him to discover that the skeletal system also connects both the membranes and tissues of the central nervous system. Most importantly though is how they connect with the subtle rhythms of the cerebrospinal fluid that bathes, both the brain and spinal cord. Sutherland also believed these rhythms are so subtle they can only be felt by a person with highly sensitive hands.
In the 1900's very few people believed in Sutherlands' work and declared him as a heretic and quack. It was not until the 1940's some 40 years after he first presented his theories that his work began to gain recognition and became more accepted among the medical profession.
Today... with Dr John Upledger investigation into Dr Sutherland theories of the cranial bones movements and with the sensitive, computerised, medical diagnostic equipment, confirms that Dr Sutherland had been right all along and his theories are now accepted as a medical fact.